In December 2015, Turkey and Israel began talks on restoring diplomatic relations;  However, disagreements between the parties continue.  Negotiations between Israel and the PLO in Norway, the first direct meeting between the two sides, resulted in the Oslo I agreement. The agreement was signed in the United States in September 1993. He called for the withdrawal of Israeli troops from the West Bank and Gaza and the creation of a temporary and autonomous Palestinian authority for a transitional period of five years. A second agreement was signed in 1995. A coalition of Arab states, led by Egypt and Syria, fought in October 1973 in Yom Kippur or in October war against Israel. The conflict eventually led to secret peace talks that culminated in two agreements after 12 days. This photo of March 26, 1979 shows Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, his American counterpart Jimmy Carter and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin after the signing of the agreements in Washington. In December 2015, after secret meetings in Switzerland, Turkey and Israel reached “agreements” aimed at normalizing relations between the two countries. If Israel is signed in accordance with the agreement, it will compensate the families of the victims of the $20 million Gaza flotilla incident and begin talks with Turkey on oil exports. In the days following the announcement of a possible agreement, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu told the Knesset: “There are ongoing discussions with Turkey, but there is no agreement and we are not there yet.” The agreement was approved by the Israeli security cabinet on 29 June by a vote of 7 to 3.  Although the Turkish and Israeli secret services have been cooperating since 1958, strategic cooperation between Turkey and Israel in the early 1990s was highlighted by agreements signed between Mossad and the Turkish National Intelligence Organization (MIT). During missions in neighbouring countries, Mossad would use Turkey as a buffer zone to ensure its security while returning to or towards its targets.
These agreements allowed Mossad members to enter and leave Turkey with their spying equipment without passing through borders or security procedures, and they avoided passport and customs checks. The agreement makes the VaE the first Arab state in the Gulf and, after Egypt and Jordan, the third Arab country to establish full diplomatic relations with Israel. Outstanding issues included Hamas activities inside Turkey and the blockade of the Gaza Strip. Israeli Defense Minister Moshe Ya`alon complicated reconciliation negotiations with Turkey in mid-February 2016 by calling for any reconciliation agreement to include the return of two bodies of Israeli soldiers currently held by Hamas to Gaza. Ya`alon would have been the only minister to have expressed doubts about Israeli-Turkish reconciliation. Cyprus and Israel have signed an agreement to demarcate their maritime borders to facilitate offshore gas exploration. Cypriot Foreign Minister Markos Kyprianou and Israeli Infrastructure Minister Uzi Landau signed the agreement in Nicosia. The aim is to facilitate the search for mineral resources in the eastern Mediterranean, where huge reserves of natural gas have been discovered. Turkish sources said that the Foreign Ministry had summoned Israel`s ambassador to Turkey, Gabby Levy, and expressed its displeasure with the agreement.  The Israeli energy company Delek Group seeks to cooperate with Cyprus in the field of natural gas exploration and production, where Delek already operates.  On 27 June 2016, a reconciliation agreement was announced to end six years of disruption in relations between the two countries.
On 26 June 2016, Turkey and Israel announced that they have formally concluded a reconciliation agreement ending six years of hostility between them. Under the agreement, Israel will pay $20 million in compensation to the families of victims of the 2010 Gaza flotilla incident, and Turkey will once again be able to send aid and supplies to the Gaza Strip.