After six weeks of unrest, North Carolina changed its vote to equal representation by state, Massachusetts abstained, and a compromise was reached called the “Great Compromise.” In the Grand Compromise, each state received equal representation in one house of Congress, formerly known as the Plan of New Jersey, and in the other, proportional representation formerly known as the Plan of Virginia. Because it was considered more sensitive to the mood of the majority, the House of Representatives was given the power to pass all laws dealing with the federal budget and revenue/taxes under the origination clause. Compromise of the Constitutional Convention, in which the states of one chamber of the legislature and representation on the basis of the population of the other chamber would have the agreement that Congress would have two chambers, the Senate (where each state receives equal representation – two senators) and the House of Representatives (where representation is based on population). July 16, 1987 began with a light breeze, cloudless skies and a spirit of celebration. On that day, 200 senators and representatives boarded a special train for a trip to Philadelphia to celebrate a unique anniversary of Congress. Roger Sherman and Oliver Ellsworth, both of the Connecticut delegation, created a compromise that, in some ways, mixed the proposals of Virginia (large state) and New Jersey (small state) regarding division by Congress. In the end, however, their main contribution was to determine the division of the Senate. Sherman sided with the two-chamber national legislature of the Virginia plan, but suggested that “the voting rights portion in the 1st branch [house] should be based on the respective number of free residents; and that in the second branch or the senate, each state should have one vote, no more.  Although Sherman was highly regarded and respected by delegates, his plan initially failed. It wasn`t until July 23 that the performance was finally settled.  This agreement allowed the deliberations to continue and thus led to the three-fifths compromise, which further complicated the issue of popular representation in the House of Representatives.